Alcohol dependent smokers (N = 118) enrolled in an intensive outpatient substance abuse treatment program were randomized to a concurrent brief or intensive smoking cessation intervention. Brief treatment consisted of a 15-minute counseling session with 5 min follow-up. Intensive intervention consisted of three one-hour counseling sessions plus eight weeks of nicotine patch therapy. The cigarette abstinence rate, verified by breath CO, was significantly higher for intensive (27.5%) versus brief (6.6%) treatment at one month post quit date but not at six months when abstinence rates fell to 9.1% and 2.1%. Smoking treatment assignment did not significantly impact alcohol outcomes. Although intensive smoking treatment was associated with higher rates of short term tobacco abstinence, other, perhaps more intensive smoking interventions are needed to produce lasting smoking cessation in alcohol dependent smokers.
Litt, Mark D.; Cooney, Judith L.; and Oncken, Cheryl A., "Concurrent Brief versus Intensive Smoking Intervention during Alcohol Dependence Treatment" (2007). UCHC Articles - Research. 53.