This study explored students' differences in reading comprehension between digital and paper reading modes. This quasi-experiment consisted of adult students enrolled in military leadership courses. Each randomly selected group read the same leadership article, either digital or paper. Students completed an assessment to determine differences in recall accuracy and comprehension between digital and paper readers. While there were no significant differences in group means of recall between reading versions, a persistent pattern in differences of score ranges and frequencies was evident for recall accuracy and comprehension. The implications and considerations of individual differences in score frequencies are discussed.
Niccoli, Anne M., "The Effects of Reading Mode on Recall and Comprehension" (2015). NERA Conference Proceedings 2014. 2.