The aims of this study were to design a process of self-assessment for seventh grade mathematics students and test its effectiveness in improving performance. The treatment required the students to co-create the product quality criteria for constructed response items, use the criteria to formatively self-assess their work, and revise as needed. Although there was a statistically significant association between self-assessment and performance on only one of five items, the treatment group had a higher average score on three items and total score after controlling for prior achievement. The findings suggest that research with larger sample sizes is warranted.
Warner, Zachary B.; Chen, Fei; and Andrade, Heidi, "Student Self-Assessment in Middle School Mathematics: A Pilot Study" (2012). NERA Conference Proceedings 2012. 5.