This study explored the perceptions of district and first responder leadership (N = 6) with respect to school crisis preparedness. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a stratified purposeful sampling of school, police, and fire/rescue personnel who were primarily responsible for the planning, training, and implementation of district safety policies. Overarching themes were: desire for coherence among procedures with guidance from the state level; and, ambiguity of roles and responsibilities in the event of a crisis. Participants believed the onus to foster inter-agency partnerships was the responsibility of either the state, or the partnering agencies. In addition, while the importance of school safety was seen as a priority, gaps in communication and collaboration were noted both within and among organizations.
Alba, David J. and Gable, Robert K., "School Safety Planning: Barriers to Implementation Perceived by District Leadership and First Responders" (2012). NERA Conference Proceedings 2012. 11.