Admiralty | Constitutional Law | International Law
In the United States, the interpretation of international maritime conventions is carried out within the general context of U.S. constitutional law. The Constitution's Article 11(2) provides that the President of the United States is granted the Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur. Article 111(2) extends the judicial power of the United States to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority. Article VI(2) instructs that the Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby,any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding. Article I(10) limits the States: No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation.
Janis, Mark Weston, "The Interpretation of International Maritime Conventions in United States Law" (1990). Faculty Articles and Papers. 196.