Date of Completion


Embargo Period



Douglas Casa, Stephanie Mazerolle, Giselle Aerni, Catie Dann, Craig Denegar

Field of Study



Master of Science

Open Access

Open Access


The Effects of an Injury Prevention Program in an Aquatic Environment on Landing Technique Samantha E. Scarneo, University of Connecticut Context: Musculoskeletal and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have accounted for a majority of sports and recreational related injuries and are of major concern to the physically active population. Injury prevention programs (IPP) have proven to improve landing technique, decreasing vertical ground reaction forces (VGRF) resulting in injury risk reduction. Injury prevention programs in an aquatic-based environment may potentially elicit the same improvements as land-based programs. Objective: To examine the effects of a six week aquatic-based IPP on Landing Error Scoring System scores and VGRF. Design and Setting: All participants completed an aquatic-based IPP three times a week for six weeks in the pool. Participants: Participants were females, 163 centimeters or taller, able to swim, no LE injuries, and were screened to have poor landing technique (LESS-RT of 4 or more). Main Outcome Measures: Pre- and Post- test procedures including measuring landing technique was measured using the Landing Error Scoring System and VGRF. Pre-test procedures were completed prior to program implementation. Post-test procedures were completed following completion of the program. Participants also completed an open-ended questionnaire to obtain qualitative date pertaining to factors to facilitate adherence and compliance. Results: We observed that the aquatic-based injury prevention program significantly reduced both LESS scores (P=0.004) and left (P

Major Advisor

Dr. Lindsay DiStefano