Date of Completion
Pr Zita Lazzarini, Pr Jacqueline McGrath
Field of Study
Master of Public Health
Background: Diarrheal diseases remain a major cause of childhood morbidity in the United States. Optimal breastfeeding has been identified as one of the most effective measure to prevent diarrheal diseases in childhood.
Purpose: To evaluate the impact of breastfeeding duration during the first 6 months on the incidence of diarrhea in infants between 7 and 12 months in the United States.
Method: A secondary data analysis was performed using mothers and infants participating in the Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007).
Results: Compared to those who breastfed for 6 months or more, infants who discontinued breastfeeding between 0 and 3 months were at 48.4% greater risk of having diarrhea at 7 and 12 months and those who discontinued breastfeeding between 3 and 6 months were at 31% greater risk of having diarrhea between 7 and 12 months.
Conclusion: Breastfeeding cessation before the first 6 months is a significant predictor of diarrhea between 7 and 12 months.
Diallo, Ana Francisca, "Assessing the Impact of Breastfeeding Cessation on the Reported Incidence of Diarrhea in Infants Between the Ages of 7 to 12 months: A Secondary Data Analysis" (2016). Master's Theses. 1019.
Pr Audrey Chapman