Date of Completion
Single Cell RNA-Seq, Clustering, TF-IDF, Imputation, Locality sensitive hashing, LSImpute, Cell Cycle Analysis, SC1
Ion I. Mandoiu
Mukul S. Bansal
Field of Study
Computer Science and Engineering
Doctor of Philosophy
Single cell transcriptional profiling is critical for understanding cellular heterogeneity and identification of novel cell types and for studying growth and development of tissues and tumors. Leveraging recent advances in single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) technology requires novel methods that are robust to high levels of technical and biological noise and scale to datasets of millions of cells. In this work, we address several challenges in the analysis work-flow of scRNA-Seq data: First, we propose novel computational approaches for unsupervised clustering of scRNA-Seq data based on Term Frequency - Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF) transformation that has been successfully used in text analysis. Here, we present empirical experimental results showing that TF-IDF methods consistently outperform commonly used scRNA-Seq clustering approaches. Second, we study the so called ‘drop-out’ effect that is considered one of the most notable challenges in scRNA-Seq analysis, where only a fraction of the transcriptome of each cell is captured. The random nature of drop-outs, however, makes it possible to consider imputation methods as means of correcting for drop-outs. In this part we study existing scRNA-Seq imputation methods and propose a novel iterative imputation approach based on efficiently computing highly similar cells. We then present results of a comprehensive assessment of existing and proposed methods on real scRNA-Seq datasets with varying per cell sequencing depth. Third, we present a computational method for assigning and/or ordering cells based on their cell-cycle stages from scRNA-Seq. And finally, we present a web-based interactive computational work-flow for analysis and visualization of scRNA-seq data.
Moussa, Marmar, "Computational Methods for the Analysis of Single-Cell RNA-Seq Data" (2019). Doctoral Dissertations. 2135.