Document Type

Book

Disciplines

Anthropological Linguistics and Sociolinguistics | Applied Linguistics | Discourse and Text Linguistics | Education | Ethnic Studies | Indigenous Studies | Latina/o Studies | Spanish Linguistics

Abstract

Este libro busca contribuir al estudio de los procesos de racialización y de la construcción discursiva de nuevas identidades en el Perú contemporáneo. En lugar de abordar el racismo desde una dimensión cognitiva, se interesa por el rol que las prácticas lingüísticas cumplen en su constitución. Las diez contribuciones que integran este volumen examinan los discursos y las prácticas del racismo en ámbitos diversos y discuten las sutiles formas en las que se construye a un «otro» desde un criterio aparentemente no racial, pero bajo retóricas raciales de modo subyacente. Todos los artículos abordan la forma en que la raza en términos del fenotipo se ha articulado con otros criterios de clasificación, tales como la educación, la cultura, la clase, el territorio, el género, el lenguaje, entre otros.

Comments

Working from poststructural theories of identity and critical discourse analysis, Racismo y lenguaje is the first full-length volume to use a discursive/linguistic approach to race and racism in Latin America. Taking as a point of departure recent debates in Peru on cultural versus biological definitions of race, this multi-authored work illustrates how race is discursively constructed as historically malleable, culturally contextualized and reproduced through learned practices. Contributions by both emerging and established scholars in Peruvian applied linguistics address the following questions: How are people and social groups discursively positioned in terms of race? How is racial terminology changing according to context? What other criteria are used for racial classification in today’s world? How is racial status negotiated and transformed?

Racismo y lenguaje is also unique in its inclusion of racialized discourse in virtual spaces. Interactions in these areas incorporate unique discursive features that enhance our analysis not only of the content of racialized discourse, but also its reach and lasting effects. This volume introduces important perspectives on discursive practices of race and racism in Peru and Latin America, paving the way for continued discussion of these issues in other parts of the world.