Date of Completion
Field of Study
Physiology and Neurobiology
Doctor of Philosophy
Patterns of neural progenitor division are controlled by a combination of asymmetries in cell division, extracellular signals, and changes in gene expression programs. In a screen for proteins that complex with citron kinase (CitK), a protein essential to cell division in developing brain, I identified the histone methyltransferase- euchromatic histone-lysine N-methyltransferse 2 (G9a). CitK is present in the nucleus and binds to positions in the genome clustered around transcription start sites of genes involved in neuronal development and differentiation. CitK and G9a co-occupy these genomic positions in S/G2-phase of the cell cycle in rat neural progenitors, and CitK functions with G9a to repress gene expression in several developmentally important genes including CDKN1a, H2afz, and Pou3f2/Brn2. The study indicates a novel function for citron kinase in gene repression, and contributes additional evidence to the hypothesis that mechanisms that coordinate gene expression states are directly linked to mechanisms that regulate cell division in the developing nervous system.
Girgenti, Matthew, "Epigenetic Regulation of Neurogenesis By Citron Kinase" (2015). Doctoral Dissertations. 933.