Date of Completion
International Relations, Political Science, Military Intervention, Decision Making
J. Garry Clifford
Field of Study
Doctor of Philosophy
U.S. MILITARY INTERVENTION IN THE POST-COLD WAR ERA:
A CASE-STUDY ANALYSIS OF PRESIDENTIAL DECISION MAKING
Dennis N. Ricci
Department of Political Science
University of Connecticut
The primary focus of this study is to explain presidential decision making, specifically whether to intervene militarily or not in a given circumstance in the Post-Cold War era. First, we define military intervention as the deployment of troops and weaponry in active military engagement (not peacekeeping). The cases in which we are interested involve the actual or intended use of force (“boots on the ground”), in other words, not drone attacks or missile strikes. Thus, we substantially reduce the number of potential cases by excluding several limited uses of force against Iraq, Sudan, and Afghanistan in the 1990s. Given the absence of a countervailing force or major power to serve as deterrent, such as the Soviet enemy in the Cold War period, there are potentially two types of military interventions: (1) humanitarian intervention designed to stop potential genocide and other atrocities and (2) the pre-emptive reaction to terrorism or other threats, such as under the Bush Doctrine. Therefore, we need to understand the logic of unipolarity and how the hegemonic power can be drawn into actions, especially in the absence of a great power rival.
The theoretical puzzle we seek to solve comprises the competing explanations for why a presidential administration will decide to intervene in one situation and not in another. This is the normative question on which we focus from the outset in order to solve the theoretical puzzle. Since both the situations and decision makers vary across cases, we need to know precisely what is driving the outcome. Therefore, our theoretical perspective and goal-driven research objective are focused on standardized, generalized questions: Why intervene? Why use force or not? Under what conditions or circumstances are intervention decisions made?
Do outcomes depend primarily on presidents making decisions as the all-important dynamic versus other variables and different measurements as to what drives the “go” or “no-go” decisions? Our examination of the phenomena of interest will lead us to a generalized theory as well as a typology of military intervention in the post-Cold War era.
KEY WORDS: International Relations, United States Foreign Policy, Presidential Decision Making, Military Intervention.
Ricci, Dennis N., "U.S. Military Intervention in the Post-Cold War Era: A Case Study Analysis of Presidential Decision Making" (2014). Doctoral Dissertations. 364.
02 Dissertation Title Page.docx (16 kB)
04 Copyright.docx (13 kB)
05 Ricci Dissertation TOC.docx (22 kB)
Table of Contents
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 1.docx (49 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 2.docx (67 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 3.docx (73 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 4.docx (93 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 5.docx (86 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 6.docx (144 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 7.docx (123 kB)
Ricci Dissertation Chapter 8.docx (106 kB)